The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology that contains the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
Microbiology will receive almost any kind of clinical specimen like feces, blood, swabs, sputum, snynovial fluid, possible infected tissues, urine and cerebrospinal fluid. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
The types of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.